Quick Answer: Can Thalassemia Cause Depression?

Is vitamin C bad for thalassemia?

Conclusion: B-Thalassemia major children who had multiple blood transfusion are at risk in iron overload and high oxidative stress.

From the present study, no significant improvement in raising hemoglobin and concerning low dose vitamin C is not contraindication in beta-Thalassemia patients..

What vitamins is good for thalassemia?

Patients should be evaluated annually by a registered dietitian regarding adequate dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D, folate, trace minerals (copper, zinc, and selenium) and antioxidant vitamins (E and C).

Should I take iron if I have thalassemia?

If you have thalassemia trait, your physician may prescribe iron supplements because your red blood cells are smaller than is typical. Unless you also have iron deficiency in addition to thalassemia, this is not needed and should be avoided.

At what age is thalassemia detected?

Diagnosis. Share on Pinterest Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder. Most children with moderate to severe thalassemia receive a diagnosis by the time they are 2 years old. People with no symptoms may not realize that they are carriers until they have a child with thalassemia.

What is the best treatment for thalassemia?

For moderate to severe thalassemia, treatments might include:Frequent blood transfusions. More severe forms of thalassemia often require frequent blood transfusions, possibly every few weeks. … Chelation therapy. This is treatment to remove excess iron from your blood. … Stem cell transplant.

Can I donate blood if I have thalassemia?

Usually, individuals with hemoglobin levels that are too low are temporarily not permitted to donate blood. A low hematocrit level is one of the most common reason people are temporarily disqualified or “deferred” from donating blood, but some donors can actually have anemia and still be eligible to donate.

How do I know if I am a thalassemia carrier?

You can find out if you’re a carrier of thalassaemia by having a simple blood test. The NHS Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia Screening Programme also has detailed leaflets about being a beta thalassaemia carrier or a delta beta thalassaemia carrier.

What should we eat in thalassemia?

Iron can be found in meat, fish, and some vegetables (e.g., spinach). Other products, like cereal and orange juice, may contain extra iron. Persons with thalassemia should discuss with their doctor whether or not they should limit the amount of iron in their diet.

Can thalassemia lead to leukemia?

Abstract. Occurrence of leukemia in thalassemia major is a rare presentation. Here we report two cases of thalassemic patients, developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The genetic analysis revealed that, female and male patients were homozygous for IVSI-6 and IVSI-5, respectively.

How does thalassemia affect a person?

Thalassemia (thal-uh-SEE-me-uh) is an inherited blood disorder that causes your body to have less hemoglobin than normal. Hemoglobin enables red blood cells to carry oxygen. Thalassemia can cause anemia, leaving you fatigued. If you have mild thalassemia, you might not need treatment.

Does thalassemia affect your immune system?

Because of this, people with thalassemia are said to be “immunocompromised,” which means that some of the body’s defenses against infection aren’t working. When you are immunocompromised, it is easier for you to get infections and you sometimes need extra protection, like flu shots and other vaccines.

How long do thalassemia patients live?

“Most thalassaemia patients would live up to the age of 25 to 30 years. Improved facilities will help them live up to the age of 60,” said Dr Mamata Manglani, head of pediatrics, Sion hospital.

Is thalassemia a serious disease?

When left untreated, this condition can lead to problems in the liver, heart, and spleen. Infections and heart failure are the most common life-threatening complications of thalassemia in children. Like adults, children with severe thalassemia need frequent blood transfusions to get rid of excess iron in the body.

Can thalassemia be cured?

Blood transfusions and chelation do not cure beta thalassemia. A stem cell transplant can cure it, but it is a serious procedure with many risks and won’t benefit everyone with the condition. Doctors and scientist are working on developing gene therapies and other treatments to help people with beta thalassemia.

Does thalassemia make you tired?

When there are not enough healthy red blood cells, there is also not enough oxygen delivered to all the other cells of the body, which may cause a person to feel tired, weak or short of breath. This is a condition called anemia. People with thalassemia may have mild or severe anemia.

Who is prone to thalassemia?

Certain ethnic groups are at greater risk: Alpha thalassemia most often affects people who are of Southeast Asian, Indian, Chinese, or Filipino descent. Beta thalassemia most often affects people who are of Mediterranean (Greek, Italian and Middle Eastern), Asian, or African descent.

Is milk good for thalassemia?

Calcium. Many factors in thalassaemia promote calcium depletion. A diet containing adequate calcium (e.g. milk, cheese, dairy products and kale) is always recommended.

What are the long term effects of thalassemia?

Hypersplenism can contribute to anemia in individuals with beta thalassemia and cause low levels of white blood cells, increasing the risk of infection, and low levels of platelets, which can lead to prolonged bleeding. If untreated, additional complications can develop.

Why is iron bad for thalassemia?

People with thalassaemia may be advised to avoid iron supplements because they are at risk of iron overload. Carriers of the thalassaemia gene may be asymptomatic but pregnancy can precipitate anaemia and there is a chance that this may be inappropriately treated with iron replacement.

Can thalassemia carriers take iron?

Thalassemia trait will not impair your work, diet or exercise. Trait carriers should not take iron supplements unless a special blood test (serum iron or serum ferritin) shows that you are iron deficient. Carriers can give blood providing they are not anemic (do not have a lower hemoglobin than usual).